HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF LAPAROSCOPIC AND ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY IN LVIV CLINICAL EMERGENCY CARE HOSPITAL
Aim. The analysis of the history of minimally invasive surgery in a clinical emergency care hospital and the clinical cases associated with first robot-assisted operations.
Materials and Methods. We have analyzed 10180 inpatients' maps and protocols of surgical operations from 2002 to 2019. We have also studied the first minimally invasive interventions in the Clinic of Surgery and Endoscopy affiliated to the Faculty of Postgraduate Education of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University and the municipal non-profit institution "Lviv Clinical Emergency Care Hospital".
Results and Discussion. Until the early 1990s, the development of surgical technology took place mainly due to the talents of individual surgeons and their persistence in implementing new treatment methods. The directions of work of our Department of Endoscopic Surgery included the introduction of minimally invasive (laparoscopic) surgical interventions and endoscopic interventions using flexible endoscopy. Robot-assisted operation on a patient with diaphragmatic hernia using da Vinci surgical system was performed with three 8.5 mm robotic instruments and two 5 mm laparoscopic ones. The operation lasted for 6 hours. There were no intra- and postoperative complications. The patient was discharged home in satisfactory condition on the 3rd post-op day. Robot-assisted surgery for complicated gallstone disease was performed with three 8.5 mm robotic instruments and one 5 mm laparoscopic one. The operation lasted for 3 hours.
1. The introduction of modern technologies and minimally invasive interventions results primarily from activities of the clinic's staff, the head of the structural unit and the hospital administration, as well as from the high professional level of surgeons.
2. The usage of minimally invasive, laparoscopic, endoscopic techniques, as well as that of da Vinci surgical system in clinical practice will improve therapeutic outcomes and quality of life among patients with surgical disorders.
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