On unhealthy behavioral determinants as elements of healthy lifestyle among patients with acute myocardial infarction

  • V.V. Ruden The Danylo Halytsky National Medical University in Lviv
  • O.R. Kovalska The Danylo Halytsky National Medical University in Lviv
  • N.F. Timchenko The Danylo Halytsky National Medical University in Lviv
Keywords: health, healthy lifestyle, harmful behavioral habits, patient, acute myocardial infarction, cause-effect relation, prevention, physician of primary level

Abstract

Aim. Scientific foundation of the presence of harmful behavioral habits of patients with AMI concerning the possible event / development of this pathology among the population of Lviv region.

Material and Methods. The study was performed  on a selective statistical aggregate among respondents from the number of inpatients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (n=374, p<0,05) in medical institutions of Lviv region according to the processed program "The impact of the main controlled risk factors in the event of acute myocardial infarction", with the use of medical and statistical methods, taking into account the system principles and calculation of the obtained data using computer programs "Miсrosoft Office Excel 2016".

Results and Discussion. There were determined 10 harmful behavioral habits in patients with AMI, including: excessive consumption of Na+-containing products (94,4±1,2%); insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables in the daily ration (94,1±0,5%); blood pressure >140/90 mm Hg (80,5±0,5%); sedentary lifestyle (71,1±0,4%); presence of cholesterol in blood >5,5 mmol/L (65,8±0,4%); body mass index >25,0 kg/m2 (57,2±0,4%); disturbance of psycho-emotional balance (50,0±0,4%); excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages (47,6±0,4%); smoking tobacco (46,5±0,3%) and blood sugar >5,5 mmol/L (25,4±2,2%). It was proved that unhealthy behavioral habits dominated among women with AMI only in two positions (АP >140/90 mm Hg and disturbance of psycho-emotional balance), while among men the remaining eight  habits prevailed; the age characteristics of these habits certified their division into two groups according to the fixed value М=10,0%: the most important (value >М=10,0%) in their possible impact on health, and significant in eventual connection (value <М=10,0%).

Conclusion. There were determined 10 harmful behavioral habits in the cohort of patients with AMI (n=374, p<0,05) as elements of healthy lifestyle, which should be regarded as possible cause-effect relations in the event/development of given pathology and a basis for implementation of preventive technologies in the work of physicians of primary level of medical care regarding creation of a basis for healthy lifestyle and minimization of this pathology [І.21].

References

Bachyns'ka I.V. Coronary heart disease - the relevance, prevalence, impact on disability and mortality. Acute coronary syndrome - a dominant issue of our time: the statistical facts. Bukovyns'kyi medychnyi visnyk 2013; 17; 4 (68): 174-178.

WHO. Mass Media center. Healthy nutrition. Informational bulletin № 394, September 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs394/ru/.

WHO. Report on the situation of non-infectious diseases in the world 2010; 184. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44579/6/9789244564226_rus.pdf

Krasulya O.I. The study of the current state of health care provision for patients with myocardial infarction in countries around the world and in Ukraine. Zaporozhskyy medytsynskyy zhurnal 2010; 12; 3: 18-20. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Zmzh_2010_12_3_7

WHO. Action Plan for the prevention and control of noninfectious diseases for 2013-2020; 2013; 49. http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA66/A66_9-ru.pdf

Ruden' V.V., Timchenko N.F. Evaluation of indirect economic losses caused by the loss of health of population of Ukraine due to acute myocardial infarction. Skhidnoyevropeys'kyi zhurnal hromads'koho zdorov'ya 2015; 3-4 (24-25): 168-172.

Ruden' V.V., Timchenko N.F. The potential economic loss due to illness of acute myocardial infarction among the population of Ukraine taking into account the costs of the current health care system. L'vivs'kyi medychnyi chasopys / Acta Medica Leopoliensia 2015; 21; 4: 48-53.

WHO. A strategy to prevent chronic diseases in Europe. CINDI 2005; 64. http://www.euro.who.int/Document/E83057R.pdf.

Ustinov O.V. Issues of health care provision for patients with acute myocardial infarction in Ukraine. Ukrayins'kyi medychnyi chasopys 2013; 2 (94); III/IV. http://www.umj.com.ua/article/55726/.

Perk J., De Backer G., Gohlke H.: European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012). European Heart Journal 2012, 33, 1635¬1701. http://eurheartj.oMfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/05/02/eurheartj .ehs092

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World: A Critical Challenge to Achieve Global Health. Ed. Fuster V., Kelly B.B.,Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US) 2010. https://www.ghdonline.org/uploads/Promoting_Cardiovascular_Health_in_the_Developing_World_A_Critical_Challenge_to_Achieve_Global_Health.pdf.

Published
2016-12-28
How to Cite
Ruden, V., Kovalska, O., & Timchenko, N. (2016). On unhealthy behavioral determinants as elements of healthy lifestyle among patients with acute myocardial infarction. Acta Medica Leopoliensia, 22(4), 32-37. Retrieved from https://amljournal.com/index.php/journal/article/view/174